This document outlines the IASC policy on what we publish on this page of our website.
This page is intended to act as a repository of useful resources related to modern slavery and human trafficking including reports, guidance and information. The Commissioner is independent and reserves the right to determine which resources are published upon agreement with the owners of those resources.
The content of the page has been compiled from a variety of resources, and whilst we aim to update the website regularly the information listed on this page may change at any time. Where our site contains links to other sites and resources provided by third parties, these links are provided for information only and do not represent endorsement of those sites or resources.
This document outlines the IASC policy on what we publish on this page of our website.
This Modern Slavery & Human Rights Policy & Evidence Centre (Modern Slavery PEC) Policy Brief draws on a rapid assessment of relevant evidence to draw out the implications of the Covid-19 pandemic for modern slavery, and lessons that can be learned for future crisis situations. It is based on available research, including new academic research funded by the Centre. Findings and recommendations have been tailored for UK-based policymakers and businesses.
Drawing on data from the Sedex platform from over 100,000 social audits, this report investigates and highlights the indicators of forced labour those audits are detecting, and their prevalence in global supply chains.
This factsheet from No Recourse To Public Funds (NRPF) provides information to help local authorities establish a person’s support options when they are destitute or at risk of homelessness.
Presentation slides from FAST Mobilizing Finance against Slavery and Trafficking – the Roles of Capital Markets
National Referral Mechanism (NRM) Toolkit for First Responders in Scotland
The Home Office National Enforcement Powers Guide aims to help facilitate a faster tactical multi-agency response and to use the appropriate legislation available to gain entry into commercial and residential premises, where intelligence has indicated that there could be a potential case of exploitation or modern slavery. Likewise this guide can be used to support agencies to understand and develop key processes when finding victims and offenders of exploitation, as well as wider serious and organised crime. The guide has been coordinated and compiled by Kate Rolle, Hertfordshire Modern Slavery Partnership Coordinator at Shiva Foundation, in collaboration with Katy Parker, Project, Parliament and Communications Coordinator at the Human Trafficking Foundation (HTF) and Alan Beach, Eastern Region Coordinator in the Modern Slavery and Organised Immigration Crime Unit (MSOIC).
The toolkit, jointly developed by STOP THE TRAFFIK and Shiva Foundation, seeks to provide practical guidance for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) on how they can prevent modern slavery in their business operations. The authors recognise that many useful resources are available already and provide references to them in the further resource list, however, none of the existing free resources are designed specifically for SMEs.
A report by the Bakhita Centre at St Mary's University. The reports reviewed for ‘what looks promising’ indicated that academics, researchers, and practitioners have had an impact on policy design and delivery and have used the findings from their practice-based research to argue for changes in policy and practice. The reports reviewed for ‘what looks promising’ indicated that academics, researchers, and practitioners have had an impact on policy design and delivery and have used the findings from their practice-based research to argue for changes in policy and practice.
A paper by the National Crime Agency as commissioned by the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner.
In November 2020, and as part of the 2020 Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Festival of Social Sciences, Kings College London and the Office of the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner hosted an event to discuss the opportunities and challenges afforded by a public health approach to modern slavery.
The report published by the Anti Trafficking and Labour Exploitation Unit (ATLEU) outlines the barriers faced by survivors in trying to obtain compensation from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme (CICS). The findings are based on a 2019 survey of sector professionals and a review of 30 cases.
The publication 'Accessing Support As A Victim Of Modern Slavery (Adult)' was produced by the West Midlands Anti-Slavery Network for use by First Responders at the point of identification of a potential victim of modern slavery. It includes information about the process a survivor could expect if they were to consent to an NRM referral and the potential outcomes and opportunities if they decide not to consent to an NRM referral. It is currently available in English with versions in Chinese, Bulgarian, Latvian, Slovak, Lithuanian, Romanian, Roma, Polish, Vietnamese and Albanian now also available at www.westmidlandsantislavery.org.
Criminal Justice Inspection Northern Ireland (CJI) today published its first in-depth assessment of how the criminal justice system in Northern Ireland deals with modern slavery and human trafficking.
The new ICAI report looks at UK aid spending of over £200 million to tackle modern slavery in developing countries - a 'new and complex' issue for the aid programme that affects millions of people worldwide.
This framework aims to establish clear training standards for those involved in identifying, supporting, and caring for victims/survivors of slavery and human trafficking.
This report published by the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner and the University of Nottingham's Rights Lab provides an update to the earlier publication of 'Collaborating for Freedom: Anti-slavery partnerships in the UK', which mapped partnership activity for the first time.
A report by Hestia on criminal exploitation of adult victims of modern slavery.
This report depicts The Passage Anti-Slavery Project’s first two years, from June 2018 to June 2020.
Guidance from the Northern Ireland Local Government Association (NILGA) for councils on tackling modern slavery.
This guidance by the Rights Lab is intended to support local and national policy makers in government, business and public services who wish to involve survivors of modern slavery1 in their work, whether that be in developing policy, legislation and guidance, or shaping and delivering services.
An evaluation report on Modern Slavery Multi-Agency Case Conferences (MACC) at The Passage between November 2018 and December 2019.
In 2019, the Rights Lab launched a new collection of survivor testimony, named Voices: Narratives by Survivors of Modern Slavery. The purpose of this report is to suggest a guide for how to use this groundbreaking collection of survivor testimony for antislavery work.
In response to a request from the West Midlands Anti Slavery Network (WMASN), Survivor Alliance UK conducted interviews with survivors of slavery living in the UK. These interviews were focused on survivors’ accommodation experiences prior to entering the National Referral Mechanism (NRM).
A report by Survivor Alliance UK outlining depictions by members of the UK Survivor Network of their journeys as survivors in the UK, alongside their recommendations for service providers and anti-slavery organisations.
This study by the University of Nottingham's Rights Lab interrogates how the agriculture sector has engaged with Section 54 of the Modern Slavery Act.
A report by Kalayaan on the impact of differential rights of work for migrant domestic workers referred to the National Referral Mechanism.
In 2017, the LGA published the first guidance for councils on the various roles they can play in tackling the scourge of modern slavery. This follow up guidance is targeted specifically at councillors, and highlights the specific role that individual councillors can play in raising awareness of the issue and embedding work to tackle slavery within councils.
In 2017, the LGA published the first guidance for councils on the various roles they can play in tackling the scourge of modern slavery. This follow up document comprises a set of case studies from councils up and down the country, highlighting some of the good work already taking place to tackle modern slavery. It has been published alongside a guide for councillors setting out the individual role they can play on this issue.
This updated handbook explains what modern slavery and human trafficking looks like in the homeless community, what to watch out for and what you can do about it.
Refer potential victims of modern slavery/human trafficking to the National Referral Mechanism (NRM).
This report from the University of Nottingham's Rights Lab analyses data taken from the Safe Car Wash App, between June and December 2018.
This is a report of a two-year research study into understanding the causes, dynamics and ‘vulnerabilities’ to human trafficking in three source countries – Albania, Vietnam and Nigeria – plus the support needs of people from these countries who have experienced trafficking and are now in the UK. The report focuses on these countries because they have consistently been among the top countries of origin for potential trafficked persons referred into the UK’s National Referral Mechanism (NRM). The study was carried out as a partnership between the University of Bedfordshire and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
Hestia is submitting the first super-complaint on modern slavery to Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services (HMICFRS), highlighting that police failings when interviewing victims of modern slavery are hindering the prosecution of traffickers and exploiters. This report reveals that frontline officers vary in their capacity to sensitively interview and support potential victims of modern slavery after escaping abuse.
This is the final evaluation report of the International Organization for Migration's 'Strengthening Responses to Child Trafficking and Modern Slavery' pilot project. The project has supported foster carers in Croydon to reduce the risk of trafficking and modern slavery for unaccompanied children and those identified as potential victims of modern slavery.
ATHUB is a legal resource for both lawyers and those providing support to victims. It was created by ATLEU, the Anti Trafficking and Labour Exploitation Unit.
The UNODC's Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2018.
This report examines how victims of modern slavery experience the criminal justice system, comparing processes in the UK, Belgium and the Netherlands, and the US.
Modern slavery and climate change have emerged as concurrent crises in the contemporary world. This research interrogates aspects of the nexus between modern slavery, environmental destruction and climate change.
This Hestia report shines a light on the experiences of male victims of modern slavery in London.
This report by the IOM and University of Bedfordshire describes the first stages of an ethically-led, two-year research study into understanding the causes, dynamics and ‘vulnerabilities’ to and resilience against human trafficking in three source countries – Albania, Vietnam and Nigeria. The focus of this report is on Albania.
This report by the IOM and University of Bedfordshire describes the first stages of an ethically-led, two-year research study into understanding the causes, dynamics and ‘vulnerabilities’ to and resilience against human trafficking in three source countries – Albania, Vietnam and Nigeria. The focus of this report is on Vietnam.
This report by the IOM and University of Bedfordshire describes the first stages of an ethically-led, two-year research study into understanding the causes, dynamics and ‘vulnerabilities’ to and resilience against human trafficking in three source countries – Albania, Vietnam and Nigeria. The focus of this report is on Nigeria.
This report by Royal Holloway University of London shows how the burdens of climate change are unequally experienced and how concerns over livelihoods and the environment must go hand in hand. The report focuses on blood bricks, which embody the converging traumas of modern slavery and climate change in our urban age.
A new collaborative study between experts at the Rights Lab at the University of Nottingham and the Office of the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, issued on 18 Oct 18, looks at the true extent and nature of modern slavery and human trafficking in hand car washes (HCW) in the UK.
Offering guidance on the minimum organisational and support standards that should be adhered to and provided when working with slavery and trafficking survivors.
A report by the Prison Reform Trust and Hibiscus Initiatives on foreign national women and trafficked women in the criminal justice system.
A report by the Anti-Trafficking Monitoring Group analysing the UK's response to the prevention of trafficking.
This report analyses compliance by the UK agricultural sector with Section 54 of the Modern Slavery Act, finding poor performance.
This aim of this Home Office report is to estimate the cost of modern slavery in the UK.
An independent report commissioned by The Salvation Army, which finds that victims of modern slavery and human trafficking are increasingly coming into support services with drug and alcohol dependency, as their traffickers use substances to make them vulnerable and tie them in.
This report by Polaris highlights the way industries in the private and public sector can make fundamental shifts to their systems to prevent, detect, and disrupt human trafficking.
A briefing by the Anti-Trafficking Monitoring Group which considers the potential impact of the UK's withdrawal from the European Union on efforts to tackle modern slavery.
A flyer to help nursing staff identify the key signs of modern slavery, and respond to it if they suspect it is happening.
The Commonwealth Parliamentary Association's e-handbook on legislating against modern slavery and human trafficking.
London Working Group - Local Authorities' Referral Pathway for Adult Victims of Modern Slavery (One-page summary)
This guide accompanies the London Working Group's referral pathway for adult victims of modern slavery. It provides non-prescriptive steps to follow when a potential victim of human trafficking or modern slavery is identified. It should be adapted to each local authority’s internal structures.
How to identify a victim of human trafficking or modern slavery
The NRM and a Local Authority's statutory duties to identify and support victims of human trafficking and modern slavery.
Modern slavery research: the UK picture
Modern Slavery Reporting: Case studies of leading practice
Know the Chain analysis looking at compliance by ICT companies with section 54 of the Modern Slavery Act.
Issara Institute's updated guide to ensuring anti human trafficking work protects potential victims appropriately.
Children and young people trafficked for the purpose of criminal exploitation in relation to county lines
7th General Report on GRETA's Activities
This Hestia report shines a light on the experiences of pregnant victims of modern slavery in London.
This is an updated release of Hestia's first report in the 'Underground Lives' series.
A guide to tackling slavery within supply chains for procurement professionals.
Evening Standard & Independent Campaign Report
Modern Slavery - A Council Guide
Modern slavery and public health
Responsible Recruitment: Remediating Worker-Paid Recruitment Fees
Collaborating for freedom: anti-slavery partnerships in the UK
The Co-op’s Bright Future programme: An Independent Interim Review
This Hestia report reveals the true face of modern slavery in London, suggesting that the problem is different in the capital in comparison with the rest of the UK.
An evaluation of the National Referral Mechanism pilot
Stolen freedom: the policing response to modern slavery and human trafficking
Risky Business: Tackling Exploitation in the UK Labour Market
First year of FTSE 100 reports under the UK Modern Slavery Act: Towards Elimination?
A typology of modern slavery offences in the UK
Harrowing Journeys: Children and youth on the move across the Mediterranean Sea, at risk of trafficking and exploitation
Combating modern slavery experienced by Vietnamese nationals en route to, and within, the UK
Help for adult victims of modern slavery
An independent inquiry by the Human Trafficking Foundation into the situation of separated and unaccompanied minors in parts of Europe.
Trafficking in Persons Report 2017
Modern Slavery: RCN guide for nurses and midwives
The recommendations in this document by the Human Trafficking Foundation highlight the minimum standards needed for a sustainable support system towards recovery for adult survivors of slavery.
An inspection of Border Force's identification and treatment of Potential Victims of Modern Slavery
Understanding and Responding to Modern Slavery within the Homelessness Sector
A study by ECPAT UK on trafficked and unaccompanied children going missing from care in the UK.
This report by the Human Trafficking Foundation follows the lives of survivors after they left the safe house.
This ATMG report analyses anti-slavery legislation across the UK and highlights significant differences in a number of key areas across the three jurisdictions.
Access to Compensation for Victims of Human Trafficking
Modern Slavery eLearning for Initial Response
Trafficking in Persons Report 2016
Trafficking Survivor Care Standards
The Modern Slavery Act
National Referral Mechanism: guidance for child first responders
Victims of modern slavery - Competent Authority guidance
Victims of modern slavery - frontline staff guidance
Duty to Notify the Home Office of Potential Victims of Modern Slavery
It Happens Here
This ATMG report analyses how the victims of trafficking who are pregnant or have children are 'systematically overlooked' in the UK's anti-trafficking response.
Building a Fairer System: Tackling Modern Slavery in Construction Supply Chains
Global Slavery Index 2016
College of Policing Modern Slavery Training
Addressing Human Trafficking and Exploitation in Times of Crisis
Transparency in Supply Chains etc. A practical guide
The guide for business action on the SDGs
Review of the National Referral Mechanism for victims of human trafficking
Modern Slavery Strategy
Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Criminal Justice and Support for Victims) Act (Northern Ireland) 2015
A report by the Human Trafficking Foundation urging the Government to review its approach to move-on support for survivors of modern slavery to help them recover from their experiences and integrate into society.
Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act 2015
A briefing paper by the Prison Reform Trust on foreign national women, many of whom are known to have been trafficked or coerced into offending, in prison in England and Wales.
Caring for Trafficked Persons
A joint statement from the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner with the Organization of Co-operation and Security (OSCE) and Finance against Slavery and Trafficking (FAST) Initiative following the conclusion of a roundtable on the critical role of the financial sector in combating trafficking in human beings and modern-day slavery.
A joint report by the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner and the University of Nottingham Rights Lab, which examines the evidence, data and literature on re-trafficking.
In March 2021 IASC published a report that made a series of recommendations designed to increase the number of financial investigations supporting modern slavery operations. This paper provides a review of implementation and identifies what more could be done.
The Organization for Security and Partnership in Europe (OSCE) in partnership with The UK Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner brief on the role of independent National Rapporteurs or equivalent mechanisms in enhancing States’ anti-trafficking responses.
The Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, Dame Sara Thornton, has today published a briefing paper outlining her concerns about the length of time potential victims of modern slavery within the NRM are waiting for decisions in relation to asylum claims.
The Commissioner's review of her engagement with financial services CEOs, making five recommendations on how the sector should be addressing modern slavery.
The Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, Dame Sara Thorton, sets out five recommendations to the financial sector on how organisations should be addressing modern slavery.
Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner Annual Report 2020-2021 Presented to Parliament on 14 July 2021 pursuant to Section 42 (10) (b) of the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioners Research Priorities 2021
This report was produced by the University of Sheffield, the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner and Public Health England and builds on earlier research on the case for a public health approach to modern slavery in the UK (Such et al. 2017, 2020).
This microsite contains an interactive framework on a public health approach to modern slavery; and a Guide for policy, strategy and local partnerships.
A follow-up review by the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner on the business response to Operation Fort.
A report examining the benefits of working, the harms caused by not working, and the current approach to how survivors are assisted to access employment, reintegrate, and work towards stability and independence.
briefing summary of the IASC and Rights Lab report, The Benefits and the Barriers to Accessing Employment: Considerations for Survivors of Modern Slavery.
In April 2021 the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner and the Liechtenstein Initiative for Finance Against Slavery and Trafficking co-organised a roundtable discussion on managing modern slavery risks in capital markets. The event explored developments in capital market expectations and regulation, drawing on the Finance Against Slavery and Trafficking (FAST) Blueprint, and recent research into the role of investors, asset managers, and capital markets.
A paper focusing on two key aims for a financial investigation in modern slavery – proving the criminal offence has taken place, and compensating victims and survivors.
Slides as presented by the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner for the University of Leeds Frank Dawtry Memorial Lecture 2021 on 12 March 2021.
A briefing paper on identifying and mitigating risks in the EU Settlement Scheme and the UK’s new points-based immigration system.
A report by Themis, TRIBE FREEDOM FOUNDATION and the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner providing greater insight, knowledge and awareness of human exploitation and highlighting what civil society and private enterprise can do to prevent these crimes.
A record of the questions and answers from the launch of the Themis, TRIBE Freedom Foundation and IASC report 'An Agenda for Action across the Financial Services Sector on 18 January 2021.
Webinar Highlights (6 minutes) of the launch of the Themis, TRIBE Freedom Foundation and IASC report 'An Agenda for Action across the Financial Services Sector' on 18 January 2021.
The Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, Dame Sara Thornton, has today published her review of the Modern Slavery Act 2015 statutory defence. The review’s purpose was to gain a better understanding of what was happening on the ground in respect of the use of the statutory defence. Having received over 100 written responses referring to 200 cases, and listened to an informed and broad spectrum of expert evidence, the review makes ten practical recommendations aimed at making the current system work better.
Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner Annual Report 2019-2020 (print version)
Slides from a presentation by April McCoig, Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner's office and Laura Durán, ECPAT UK, to launch the joint review: A review of what works in multi-agency decision making and the implications for child victims of trafficking.
Q&A from the launch of the IASC and ECPAT UK review on what works in existing multi-agency decision making.
A joint review by the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner and ECPAT UK which examines what works in existing multi-agency decision making frameworks to help inform future thinking on devolved NRM decision making for child victims of trafficking.
Slides from a presentation by Juliana Semione, PaCCS researcher and author of the IASC and PaCCS review Preparing for Impact - How we can overcome barriers and cultivate a culture of collaboration, understanding, and respect to achieve impact on survivor support (2019)
A note of a meeting to launch the IASC and PaCCS review Preparing for Impact - How we can overcome barriers and cultivate a culture of collaboration, understanding, and respect to achieve impact on survivor support.
A review by the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner and the Partnership for Conflict, Crime and Security Research on ways to improve the impact of survivor support research.
A review by the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner on the business response to Operation Fort.
The Commissioner's Agenda for Action in 2020, developed as part of the IASC review Operation Fort - What businesses should learn from the UK’s largest anti-slavery prosecution.
The Maturity Framework for businesses, developed as part of the IASC review Operation Fort - What businesses should learn from the UK’s largest anti-slavery prosecution.
Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner Strategic Plan 2019-2021 (screen readable version)
Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner Strategic Plan 2019-2021 (print readable version)
IASC Annual Report 2017
IASC Annual Report 2016
Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner Strategic Plan 2015-2017
A video recording of The Future of Brands: Facing the Burden of Proof session as part of the 2021 Sustainable Retail Summit. Dame Sarah Thornton speaks about the role of business in relation to forced labour risks in global supply chains.
UK Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner Dame Sara Thornton opened a July 2021 virtual workshop to discuss findings from the PACCS-TISCreport report and policy briefing on Progress and Challenges in Tackling Modern Slavery in Local Government Supply Chains.
Video from the launch of the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner's Annual Report 2020-2021
Video from the virtual launch of of the report - 'The Benefits and the Barriers to Accessing Employment: Considerations for Survivors of Modern Slavery' (19 May 2021). The report was written by Rights Lab Research Fellow Kate Garbers and was commissioned by the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner,
Video from the webinar launch of Refining a Public Health approach to Modern Slavery research by the University of Sheffield, the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner and Public Health England (2 June 2021)
Shan Saba, Director at Staffline and founder of Scotland Against Modern Slavery, interviews Dame Sara Thornton, the UK Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner.
This clip introduces a documentary by BAFTA-winning filmmaker Jezza Neumann investigating sexual exploitation and trafficking in America. To watch "America’s Sex Traffic Cops" visit https://www.channel4.com/
A webinar by Themis and Tribe Freedom Foundation exploring how extensive the adoption of a socially responsible approach to investment has been, and whether investors are making the most of their financing leverage to help tackle modern slavery. For more visit https://themisservices.co.uk/msht
A video from the Human Trafficking Foundation, collating a series of thank you messages to members of the anti-trafficking sector.
Video from the virtual launch of the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner's Annual Report 2019-2020.
A video produced for the CPA UK and Modern Slavery Policy and Evidence Centre Virtual International Conference on Assisting and Protecting Survivors of Modern Slavery, Human Trafficking and Forced Labour (15 – 16 September 2020)
In this webinar by Themis and Tribe Freedom Foundation, speakers explore how data analytics, artificial intelligence and blockchain are helping detect and prevent forced labour.
Launch of the IASC and ECPAT UK Review: A review of what works in multi-agency decision making and the implications for child victims of trafficking.
A video by Focus on Labour Exploitation (FLEX) and the Mayor of London on workers' rights.
The Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, Dame Sara Thornton, spoke at this webinar: Eradicating modern slavery: An assessment of Commonwealth government progress on achieving SDG Target 8.7. It was hosted by the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative and Minderoo Walk Free.
The IASC, Tribe Freedom Foundation, Themis and RedCompass discuss the latest findings of their ongoing research into Modern Slavery and the financial sector. Is modern slavery relevant to the financial sector?
An interview with Dame Sara Thornton, the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner by the Chartered Institute of Procurement & Supply on addressing modern slavery in supply chains.
An animated film aimed at tackling the growing issue of Vietnamese children being trafficked to the UK for cannabis cultivation.
A short film including scenarios of modern slavery in the workplace and how to identify cases of exploitation.
A short film outlining the role of the NHS in responding to modern slavery.
A short film outlining the role of local government in responding to modern slavery.
A short film outlining the role of the emergency services in responding to modern slavery.
Pie charts displaying 2019 end of year NRM referrals by adults, children and in total.
2019 NRM End of Year Summary, collated by the Single Competent Authority.
2018 End of Year Summary
2017 NRM End of Year Summary
2016 NRM End of Year Summary
2015 NRM End of Year Summary
2014 NRM End of Year Summary
2013 NRM End of Year Summary
Did you know that there are 40 million modern slaves in the world today? A recording of Dame Sara's address as part of the Canterbury Christ Church University's Public Lecture Series